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Thursday, 31 January 2013
Home arrow Types of source arrow 18th-century arrow Jean Adam arrow Unrecorded arrow Antedatings
18c gap
Examples from Adam's work which plug the OED gap in eighteenth-century quotations: Adam Table 4a

Word
Quotation
OED dates
Fills eighteenth-century gap (number of years between existing OED quotations)
Comments
bear, v.1 'Who Digs and Dungs to see if it [i.e. a tree] would bear' (p. 22) 1398, c1400, Mod.
480
OED1/2 identifies an absolute use of bear s.v. sense 42, 'To bring forth, produce, yield', in relation to plants etc., and illustrates it with two ME quotations plus one designated 'Mod[ern]', here dated to 1880. It seems unlikely that Adam's use is unusual over the undocumented period.
treasure-house 'the Prize / That in the Treasure House of Glory lys' (p. 19) 1552, 1598, 1890, 1895
292
OED quotations reported for figurative sense – but there are no quotations for the literal sense between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries either. ECCO searches suggest quotations could easily be found.
howbeit 'Howbeit I'll try, and, as I can, I'll sing' (p. 5) 1612, 1850
238
Other eighteenth-century examples can be found on ECCO.
antetype 'Amongst Transgressors Joseph numbred lies, / Like his great Antetype above the Skies'; 'Doest thou not see the Eucharistick Wine? It's Antitype makes Souls of Saints to shine' (pp. 761, 101 (& 102)) 1612, 1844
232
OED defines as 'A preceding type; an earlier example', and supplies only two examples: '1612 T. TAYLOR Comm. Titus i. 6 (1619) 99 Antetypes of Christ's puritie. 1844 MARG. FULLER Wom. in 19th C. (1862) 74 She is an antetype of a class to which the coming time will afford a field.' Other eighteenth-century examples may be found on ECCO.
breed, v. 'Perhaps some Rustick's Visite breeds thee Pett' (p. 53) 1601, 1651, 1878
227
It's not quite clear how this should be construed: 'breeds a pet in thee', or maybe thee = thy. But the sense of breed looks like OED1 6a: 'To give rise to, engender, develop, produce, create, cause, be the source of.'
patent, adj. 'his unerring Guide was plac'd within, / Whose Wisdom pav'd a patent Road for him'; 'It beats the patent Road to every Sin'; 'Who [...] shuns the patent Road' (pp. 73, 80, 97) ...1508, 1528, 1639, 1857, 1874...
218
Relevant sense is OED3 (draft entry September 2009) 4a: 'Of a fact, quality, phenomenon, etc.: clear, evident, obvious'.
depute, n. 'The Deput Conscience justifies the Deed' (p. 148) ...1563-7, a1605, 1821, 1868
216
OED1/2 defines: 'B. n. One deputed; = DEPUTY. (Now only Sc.)'. Alternatively, Adam's usage could be construed as a ppl. a., for which OED's last recorded use is 1623.
divining, vbl. n. 'Divining first expos'd him to Envy, / Trust made him serve, then in a Dungeon ly: / Divining led the Way to Joseph's Liberty, / And recommended him to Majesty' (p. 77) ...1483, 1646, 1860
214
This is OED1/2 sense 1: 'The action of the verb DIVINE: a. Soothsaying, prophecy, divination. b. Conjecture, guessing', which is sparsely illustrated - five quotations in all.
transgressor 'Amongst Transgressors Joseph numbred lies' (p. 76) ...1638, 1667, 1875
208
OED1/2 has big gap: Milton 1667 to Jowett 1875. ECCO searches yield a number of other eighteenth-century examples.
flowerless 'View the Leafless, Flowerless Tree' (p. 22) 1500, 1806, 1835
206
Only three OED quotations in total; ECCO suggests this was a genuinely rare term in the eighteenth century but yields a handful of other examples.
compend, n. 'Thou [divine Love] great Compend of both our Laws'; 'He on the Tables wrote the pure Compend' (pp. 39 (& 94), 93) 1642, 1677, 1882
205
OED1/2 notes both literal and figurative senses of this word (= 'compendium') and has no eighteenth-century quotations for the second (they run 1642, 1677, 1882), of which Adam's usage is an example. (The literal sense is under-illustrated too - 1596, 1640, 1796, 1833, 1881.)
sophisticating 'See thou abhorr sophisticating Arts' (p. 14) 1624, 1823
199
 
hoodwinked 'The Hoodwinkt Heroe faints, when thou retires' (p. 132) 1640, a1643, 1643, 1837
193
OED defines 'Blindfolded, blinded. lit. and fig.'; the second 1743 quotation is from Milton.
manuring 'His Sons assist him in manuring Toil' (p. 62) 1635, 1641, a1647, 1835, 1849
188
OED3 draft revision September 2000 defines as 'That manures or cultivates soil or land'. Clearly Adam's example fills the gap.
conjunct, ppl. 'The Innocence of Doves is in A Christian requisite, / And yet the Serpent's Policy Must be conjunct with it (p. 13) 1695, 1877
182
Could be construed as adj. (less likely), in which case Adam's example supplements OED1/2's existing quotations dated 1650, 1765, 1829.
divining 'Now the divining Quality appears, / Which had lyen dormant since his [Joseph's] tender years' (p. 75) 1382, 1593, 1697, 1876
179
This is defined by OED1/2 s.v. as 'That divines, foresees, or conjectures; soothsaying, prophesying, conjecturing, guessing, etc.' and is sparsely illustrated from Wyclife, Shakespeare, Dryden, and George Eliot, all favourite quotation sources.
discord 'They still conspire and still discord' (p.15) ...1677, 1848...
171
OED1/2 s.v. v.1, sense 1 (intr.).
canon, n.1 'What dire Presumption [...] To wound GOD thro' his righteous Favourite, / And mock the Canon he 'gainst Murther set' (p. 60) ...1601, 1658, 1827, 1859
169
This is OED1/2 sense 1a: 'A rule, law, or decree of the Church; esp. a rule laid down by an ecclesiastical Council': Adam's example fills a clear gap.
impotent, n. 'A helpless impotent stretchd on his Bed' (p. 67) 1513, 1596, 1662, 1685, 1833
148
OED1/2 sense B, n.: 'An impotent person'.
declare 'Shall Nature's Works inanimate / Declare the Power of God?' (p. 26) 1668, 1810
142
OED1/2 sense 4: 'trans. Of things: To manifest, show, demonstrate, prove'.
custom-free 'Who would not land his Cargoe Custom free' (p. 62) a1680, 1810
130
This is recorded in OED1/2 s.v. custom, n., 6a, among attributive and combinatorial usages: 'custom-free a., free from custom, toll, or tribute; free from custom duty', and provided with just two examples: 'a1680 BUTLER Rem. (1759) I. 80 To take up a Degree, With all the Learning to it, *Custom-free. 1810 in Risdon's Surv. Devon App. 17 Towns..free from Tax and Toll, such as we..call Custom-free.', so Adam's would be useful as ever.
soulless 'Shall soulless Sun his Task fulfil / Of driving round the Globe' (p. 26) ...1678, 1801...
123
Probably Adam's use is OED1/2 sense 1: 'Having no soul; from whom or which the soul has departed. Also fig.' It could also come under sense 3, applied to 'things, qualities, etc.', which has no quotations between 1656 and 1853.
unconsulted 'Pure Nature's unconsulted Harmony' (p. 117) 1619, 1642, 1829, 1847, 1884
87
OED1/2 defines sense 2 as 'Not consulted (with) or referred to; the 1642 quotation is from Milton.
Last Updated ( Saturday, 19 December 2009 )
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